Standard Deduction For 2020 & 2021

Under United States tax laws, the standard deduction allows a non-itemizing taxpayer to deduct a specific dollar amount from their gross income before calculating their taxable income. taxpayers may choose between the standard deduction or itemized deductions, but in most cases choose the latter because it results in a lesser amount of income tax payable. There are certain circumstances that may entitle a taxpayer to both a standard deduction and itemized deduction. Qualification for a standard deduction depends on the filing status of the individual, as well as their filing status within a specific tax bracket. Certain education expenses also qualify for a standard deduction. Also qualifying for a standard deduction greatly reduces the amount of an itemized deduction.

Standard Deduction For 2021

Federal Income Tax – How Do The Standard Deduction And Additional Standard Deduction Increases Work?

A taxpayer may also choose to itemize their tax deductions. Itemized deductions are tax payments made in addition to the standard deduction. When a taxpayer takes the itemized deduction it counts towards their filing status in the current year and also towards their filing status in future years. Itemized deductions can only be used for taxes paid during the calendar year in which they were incurred.

When claiming standard deductions, individuals can choose to itemize their payments or standard deductions. Claiming itemized deductions requires that the taxpayer meet certain income requirements, as well as state and local tax filing requirements. Claiming the standard deduction requires the filer to itemize their tax payments and other deductions. In most cases, when a filer claims a standard deduction they must also claim another standard deduction in the same category or area of their choice.

For some couples, there are special rules when it comes to standard deduction amounts. Couples who claim a joint tax return must also claim each person’s standard deduction on their joint return, along with their own standard deduction. When taxpayers split the responsibility for paying for their children’s education, one spouse may be eligible for a higher standard deduction than the other. If a dependent spouse has been excluded from social security coverage, but their dependents still qualify for social security benefits, they may be eligible for a higher standard deduction.

Tax credits are simply rewards for taxpayers for making payments, either income or premiums, for taxes. These credits are based on the taxpayer’s filing status and the total taxable income earned during the year. The more total taxable income earned, the higher the standard deduction. Married couples filing joint returns are eligible for a standard deduction equal to half of the taxpayer’s total annual income. Couples filing separately may also take advantage of a standard deduction equal to one-half of their combined taxable income.

Tax expenditures are the additional costs paid by taxpayers for federal income tax purposes. These include both personal and business expenses. Business expenses consist of deductibles and professional fees and may include transportation expenses. Personal expenses include food, lodging, and travel expenses. Both the standard deduction and the additional standard deduction increase as a person’s income increases.

Standard Deductions for 2021

The standard deductions for 2021 featured an increase that will certainly result in even more tax obligation financial savings. Do not pout over charitable payments you won’t be able to deduct; take pleasure in the standard deduction rather if your standard deduction is even more than the overall of your itemized deductions.

2018 2019 2020 2021
Single $12,000 $12,200 $12,400 $12,550
Married Filing Jointly $24,000 $24,400 $24,800 $25,100
Married Filing Separately $12,000 $12,200 $12,400 $12,550
Head of Household $18,000 $18,350 $18,650 $18,800
Over 65 Age
  • Single or Head of Household over 65 age: Additional $1,600
  • Married over 65 age: Additional $1,300
  • Single or Head of Household over 65 age: Additional $1,650
  • Married over 65 age: Additional $1,300
  • Single or Head of Household over 65 age: Additional $1,650
  • Married over 65 age: Additional $1,300
  • Single or Head of Household over 65 age: Additional $1,700
  • Married over 65 age: Additional $1,350
Dependents Additional $1,050 or individual income plus $350 Additional $1,100 or individual income plus $350 Additional $1,100 or individual income plus $350 Additional $1,100 or individual income plus $350

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